Sorgun, cradle of civilization, has a history which dates back to old times. In Alisar Tumulus, located in Sorgun, 5000-year monuments have been found in excavation works. After 1071 Malazgirt Victory, Sorgun becamethe Turkish homeland. In 1905, it was city hall, in June 26 1926 it was called as county. In 1928 the name ‘’Kohne-iKebir’’ was changed as Sorgun. It is also known that it was called as Yesilova for a while. There are 21 archeological sites in the area.Kerkenes Castle, Alisar Tumulus, Cadırhoyuk andHapisBogazı ruins are the notable ones among them. Since the ancient times, it was the center of Hitite Empire, then it was subordinated to Phrygia and Pergian dominance, then it was a state of Rome respectively. In Hellenistic era, it was under the dominance of the Galats, and then Byzantine. Since 1927, different civilization remnants have been found by native and nonnative archeologists as a result of excavations in mounds and ruins.
During the II.century B.C. dominance of Rome on the Anatolia had been continued by broadening and from the early years of milestone Anatolia fell totally under the hegemony of Rome.
During those years, the region generally was under the control of Byzantium and called as ‘’Pitriya’’ until Turkish captured it.
Wars between Byzantium and Sasanians and wars with Muslims during the dominances of Omayyads- Abbasids caused discharge of the region. When Turkish captured the area, it was nearly empty. There was no land that can be called a city.
Kerkenes Ruins (Keykavus Castle)
Kerkenes located in Sahmuratlı village near Sorgun is one of the most important antique remains. Ruins occupy a large place. Kerkenes is located on a touristic route between Hattusa and Cappadocia, and it is 13 km away from Sorgun, 50 km away from Yozgat.
Eclipse in Kerkenes and Peace
The eclipse taken place 2500 years ago caused a ceasefire between Medes and Lydian fought on Kerkenes hillside. In 550 B.C on the peak of war, with the eclipse of sun everywhere got dark and Medes and Lydian thought that gods did not want the war. They end up the war that occurred on Kerkenes hillside and made a peace. Upon recognition of Kerkenes Ruins all around the world, when the eclipse of sun occurs millions of people from different countries of world come to Kerkenes Mountain in order to watch the eclipse.
Alisar Tumulus Alisar Tumulus,
one of the most important historic beauty of Sorgun, is a tumulus located on Sorgun-Sarıkaya highway, the north of Alisar Village. Latitude of it is 520 m, length of it is nearly 1 km and it is established in a hole. Excavation of Alisar Tumulus was made between the years of 1927-1932 for the first time. In consequence of the excavations and searching it was found that, the tumulus has been used as a settlement from chalcolithic era to Turkish era. Chronology of Central Anatolia, integration of cultures and eras can be known under the favor of these excavations.